Turkey`s defence industry is booming. Turkey`s 240 Lockheed Martin General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcons were co-produced in Turkey by one of the predecessors of the Turkish aerospace industry (TAI). The United States and Turkey signed an SGF contract for 30 F-16 block 50s in 2009, co-produced by TAI.  President Ozal supported the position of the United States during the Gulf War (August 2, 1990 to January 17, 1991). Turkey`s economic relations with Iraq have been important and their disorganization has been detrimental to the country. Turkey lost about $60 billion by closing the Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline during the conflict. Shortly before the war, General Necip Torumtay, Chief of the Turkish General Staff, resigned from his disagreement over the involvement of Turkish troops in the conflict, which prevented Turkey`s active military involvement. Turkey has authorized UN forces (UN Security Council Resolution 665) to fly missions from their air bases; Turkey thus remained a platform for American attacks on Iraq for the remainder of the conflict. Turkey played a role in the war by limiting a significant part of the Iraqi army to the Turkey-Iraq border.
To obtain authorization from the High Altitude Area Defense Terminal, Turkey obtained two conditions:  Iran or Syria should not be cited as a threat to Turkey, and the territory of Turkey should be protected by the system (as a requirement of national defense). According to U.S. officials, the AN/TPY-2 radar was deployed at Turkey`s Korecik airbase and activated in January 2012.   In September 1998, Masoud Barzani and Jalal Talabani signed the Washington Agreement negotiated by the United States and signed a formal peace treaty. In the agreement, the parties agreed to share revenue, share and deny the PKK the use of northern Iraq.  President Bill Clinton signed the Iraq Liberation Act and presented military support to Iraqi opposition groups, including the PUK and the KDP. The United States and Turkey are both members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the G20. The United States and Turkey have had a joint economic commission and a framework agreement on trade and investment for several years. In 2002, the two countries expressed their common intention to enhance bilateral economic relations through the creation of an Economic Partnership Commission. In 2001, the relationship began with the premise that the United States encourages cooperation in the areas of counterterrorism, law enforcement and military education and training.  Turkey remained a close ally of the United States and supported the war on terror. Turkey risked a nuclear war on its soil during the missile crisis.
It was a 13-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union, sparked by the American discovery of the use of Soviet missiles in Cuba. In response to the failed 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion and the presence of US missiles from Jupiter in Italy and Turkey, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev accepted Cuba`s request to place nuclear missiles on the island to deter future invasion. An agreement was reached between John F. Kennedy and Khrushchev. In public, the Soviets would dismantle their offensive weapons in Cuba in exchange for a public statement and an American agreement to avoid another invasion of Cuba. Privately, the United States agreed to dismantle all Jupiter MRBMs built in the United States that had been used in Turkey against the Soviet Union. In June 2008, the United States and Turkey have begun to cooperate on the peaceful use of nuclear energy with a pact that provides for the transfer of technology, materials, reactors and components for nuclear research and nuclear production to Turkey for an initial period of 15 years and automatic renewals in five-year stages, providing a comprehensive framework for peaceful nuclear cooperation between the two nations under agreed conditions and non-proliferation controls. A parallel multi-party resolution by the United States stressed the importance of the key role of the Turkish Republic in making available