Yalta Agreement Explained

At that time, the Soviet army occupied Poland entirely and held much of Eastern Europe with a military power three times greater than the Allied forces of the West. [Citation required] The declaration of the liberated Europe has little to do to dispel the sphere of influence of the agreements that had been incorporated into ceasefire agreements. The three heads of state and government have ratified the agreement of the European Advisory Commission setting the limits of post-war zones of occupation for Germany: three zones of occupation, one for each of the three main allies. They also agreed to give France an area of occupation that was cut off from the areas of the United States and the United Kingdom, although De Gaulle later refused to accept that the French zone be defined by borders defined in his absence. De Gaulle therefore ordered the French forces to occupy Stuttgart in addition to the previously agreed areas, which included the French zone of occupation. He only withdrew when he threatened to suspend most of the U.S. economic supply. [11] Churchill, at Yalta, argued at the time that the French must necessarily be full members of the proposed Allied Control Council for Germany. Stalin opposed it until Roosevelt supported Churchill`s position, but Stalin insisted that the French would not be admitted to the Allied Reparation Commission, which was to be set up in Moscow, and yielded only to the Potsdam conference. The final agreement stipulated that « the provisional government currently working in Poland should therefore be reorganized on a broader democratic basis, including Polish and Polish democratic leaders abroad. » [18] Yalta`s language recognized the supremacy of the pro-Soviet Lublin government in a provisional government, albeit a reorganized one.

[19] Churchill defended his action in Yalta during a three-day parliamentary debate that began on 27 February and ended with a vote of confidence. During the debate, many MPs criticized Churchill and expressed deep reservations about Yalta and his support for Poland, 25 of whom drafted an amendment to protest the agreement. [22] With regard to Poland, Yalta`s report adds that the provisional government should « be obliged to hold free and unimpeded elections as soon as possible on the basis of universal suffrage and secret balloting ». [18] The agreement could not mask the importance of adhering to the short-term pro-Soviet control of the Lublin government and eliminating the language that requires supervised elections. [19] The first reaction to the Yalta Accords was solemn.

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