New negotiations between the EU and the US began in 2008 and resulted in the signing of a second phase agreement in 2010. This protocol builds on the first agreement and covers additional investment and market access opportunities. In addition, the framework for cooperation in regulatory areas, such as security, social aspects and in particular the environment, will be strengthened, as both sides have agreed on a specific joint environmental declaration. The agreement with the European Union (EU) authorizes the use of a European airline for travel outside the United States. Iceland and Norway are not members of the EU, but are members of the EU Air Services Agreement. It is the only one of these four agreements that allows an origin or destination in a third country as long as the flight in the EU is over. « Open skies agreements » are bilateral or multilateral agreements between the U.S. government and foreign governments that allow travelers to use foreign airlines from those countries for state-funded international travel. The contract disappointed European airlines because they felt chosen for US airlines: while US airlines are allowed to operate flights within the EU (when it is an all-cargo flight or a passenger flight, if this is the second leg of a flight launched in the United States), European airlines are not allowed to fly intra-U.S.
flights, nor can they acquire a controlling interest in the an American operator.  The agreement replaced and replaced the old open skies agreements between the United States and some European countries. The initial agreement was signed on April 30, 2007 in Washington, D.C. The agreement entered into force on March 30, 2008. The second phase was signed in June 2010 and has been applied on an interim basis until all signatories are ratified.  Norway and Iceland joined the agreement in 2011. Operational and regulatory factors prevent the opening of international air traffic. The « open skies » agreements are at the heart of the European Union`s foreign aviation policy. They form the basis for the liberalisation of air transport between the EU and the rest of the world, opening up markets and promoting fair competition.
The progress made since the initial roadmap in 2005 depended on both European priorities and the individual strategy of each external partner. This document examines the state of EU relations with four key partners: the United States, Russia, Morocco and Turkey. The agreement came into force on June 29, 2020. However, it has been provisionally applicable since 30 March 2008 (Article 25 of the Air Services Agreement). For more information on the four open skies agreements and other specific national agreements, visit the Foreign Ministry`s website. More general information on open ski agreements can also be found in Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) bulletin 11-02 [PDF – 112 KB] and Bulletin 12-04 [PDF – 82 KB].